- Tailor's chalk or pencil
- Milliner's pliers or wire cutters
- Scissors, large and small
- Paper for patterns
Thread—Geneva lustre, black and white, number 36. Colored thread as
Needles—assorted paper of milliner's needles, 8 to 10.
Tape-measure—of good quality sateen.
Tailor's chalk—white and dark blue.
Milliner's pliers—pliers which fit the hand, not too heavy, with
blunt points, and sharp enough to cut a thread.
Materials used to make Hat Frames
- Cape net
- Neteen or Fly net
- Willow plate
- Frame or brace wire
- Paper for patterns—
- Heavy manila
Comes in black and white, about twenty-seven inches wide—a heavy stiff
material, smooth on one side and rather rough on the other. It is more
commonly used for hat foundations than any other fabric. There is also a
summer buckram, lighter in weight and smooth on both sides.
Comes in black and white, twenty-seven inches wide—a stiff, thin,
open-meshed material, used to make soft hat frames, to cover wire
frames, and in bias strips to cover edge wire after it is sewed on the
Neteen or fly net—
A stiff open-meshed material—comes in black, white, and ecru, one yard
wide—a very popular material on account of its great pliability and
lightness. It is used for blocking frames and copying, the lines being
much softer than when made with buckram. Very durable.
A light-weight, open-meshed material used for blocking and for soft
frames. Not as pliable as neteen.
A coarse straw-like material, light in weight, brittle, and very
expensive, used in blocking; frames are also made from it without
Must be dampened before using. Not recommended for amateurs.
Wire comes in black, white, silver, and gilt, and is covered with
cotton, mercerized cotton, and silk. It may be procured in single and
Largest wire used in millinery. In making wire frames, it is used as
edge wire and sometimes for the entire frame. Being larger than frame
wire, it makes a pleasing effect when used as part of the wire frame
design, if it is to be covered with sheer material.
Frame or brace wire—
Used in making frames and is sewed on the edge of all buckram and fabric
Smaller than frame wire, used for wiring lace ribbon and flowers, and
sometimes for making an entire frame when a very dainty design is
SHOWING SHAPED BRIM OF NETEEN WITH RIBBON-WIRE BRACES BASTED IN PLACE
Smallest wire used in millinery; comes wound on spools. Is used
to tie other wires, and in making hand-made flowers. Comes in black,
white, and green.
A cotton ribbon about three eighths of an inch wide, with a fine wire
woven through the center, also a wire on each edge. Used to wire
An uncovered steel wire used to make halo brims; is sometimes sewed on
edge of buckram or other fabric brims, if the hat is unusually wide, or
if a brim is to be especially stiff. It is occasionally used as an edge
wire on wire frames.