Hat Making at Bandanas And Hats
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  Hat Making: Equipment and Materials

Hat Making

How to make a Hat

Equipment and Materials

Hat Frames of Fabric

Covering Frame with Velvet

To face under side of brim

Hat Crown

Brims Facings

Brim Pattern

Rolled Brim Pattern

Shirred Crown of Fabric

Frames of Neteen and Crinoline

Turban Frame of Neteen or Crinoline

Wire Frames Equipment

Tie the Wires

Brace Wire

Pattern for Brim

Sticks for Brim

Edge Wire

Collar of Brim

Square Crown Frame

Round Crown

Base Wire of Round Crown

Round Crown Finishing

Round Brim and Crown Pattern

Make the Round Brim

Color Wire Frames

Halo Hats

Halo Hat Headsize

Crown for Halo Brim

Hat Cover with Braid

Sewing the Braid

Braid Brim and Crown

Piece Braid

Braid Steps

Wire Covering

Hat Linings

French and Tailored Lining

Hat Trimmings

Hat Bows

Ribbon Bows and Knots

Tailored Bow


Radiating Buckram Pleating

Pompon Hat Ornaments

Hand-Made Flowers

American Beauty Rose

Ribbon Rose

Wild Rose of Silk

Foliage and Roses

Wired Rose

Blossoms and Poinsettias

Poppies and Morning Glories

Orchid Hat Ornaments

Ornament Hat Patterns

Blossoms and Sweet Peas

Violets, Daisies, Geraniums

Fruit Hat Decorations

Plums, Raisins, Grapes Ornaments

Mourning Millinery

Hat Shape Repair

Straw Hat Shape

Cleaning Straw Hats

Panama Hat Shaping

Buckram Frame Shaping

New Brims

Repair of Hat Coverings and Linings

Freshen Crepe and Feathers

Repair Ribbons, Flowers, Quills

Repair Wings, Lace, Malines

How to Make Your Own HatsL Equipment and Materials


  • Thimble
  • Thread
  • Needles
  • Tape-measure
  • Pins
  • Tailor's chalk or pencil
  • Milliner's pliers or wire cutters
  • Scissors, large and small
  • Paper for patterns

Thimble—good quality

Thread—Geneva lustre, black and white, number 36. Colored thread as needed.

Needles—assorted paper of milliner's needles, 8 to 10.

Tape-measure—of good quality sateen.

Tailor's chalk—white and dark blue.

Milliner's pliers—pliers which fit the hand, not too heavy, with blunt points, and sharp enough to cut a thread.

Materials used to make Hat Frames

Cape net
Neteen or Fly net
Willow plate
Frame or brace wire
Paper for patterns
Heavy manila


Comes in black and white, about twenty-seven inches wide—a heavy stiff material, smooth on one side and rather rough on the other. It is more commonly used for hat foundations than any other fabric. There is also a summer buckram, lighter in weight and smooth on both sides.


Comes in black and white, twenty-seven inches wide—a stiff, thin, open-meshed material, used to make soft hat frames, to cover wire frames, and in bias strips to cover edge wire after it is sewed on the fabric frame.

Neteen or fly net

A stiff open-meshed material—comes in black, white, and ecru, one yard wide—a very popular material on account of its great pliability and lightness. It is used for blocking frames and copying, the lines being much softer than when made with buckram. Very durable.

Cape net

A light-weight, open-meshed material used for blocking and for soft frames. Not as pliable as neteen.

Willow plate

A coarse straw-like material, light in weight, brittle, and very expensive, used in blocking; frames are also made from it without blocking.

Must be dampened before using. Not recommended for amateurs.

Wire comes in black, white, silver, and gilt, and is covered with cotton, mercerized cotton, and silk. It may be procured in single and double bolts.


Largest wire used in millinery. In making wire frames, it is used as edge wire and sometimes for the entire frame. Being larger than frame wire, it makes a pleasing effect when used as part of the wire frame design, if it is to be covered with sheer material.

Frame or brace wire

Used in making frames and is sewed on the edge of all buckram and fabric hat frames.


Smaller than frame wire, used for wiring lace ribbon and flowers, and sometimes for making an entire frame when a very dainty design is desired.



Smallest wire used in millinery; comes wound on spools. Is used to tie other wires, and in making hand-made flowers. Comes in black, white, and green.


A cotton ribbon about three eighths of an inch wide, with a fine wire woven through the center, also a wire on each edge. Used to wire ribbons.


An uncovered steel wire used to make halo brims; is sometimes sewed on edge of buckram or other fabric brims, if the hat is unusually wide, or if a brim is to be especially stiff. It is occasionally used as an edge wire on wire frames.

* Santa Claus hats *

How to Make Your Own Hats
Equipment and Materials on Hat Making
Design your own hats using our Hat Making instructions.  Students at fashion colleges go back to the classics creating old/new looks.  Lots of ways to be creative when making your own hats!

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